Worst Case Margin vs. Worst Case Value - DTX CableAnalyzer | Fluke Networks

Base de conhecimento

KB Home   >  Teste de cobre   >  CableAnalyzer™ DTX

Worst Case Margin vs. Worst Case Value - DTX CableAnalyzer

When looking at a test report, you will see two values reported for a given parameter such as NEXT. An example is shown below:

NEXT Parameters 


For the main unit, the worst case margin is 6,7 dB, but the worst case value is better at 8,7 dB and on a different pair! How can there be two values reported? This is a requirement of ANSI/TIA-568-C & IEC61935-1.
 
Calculating Worse Case Margin
This is the easier of the two to explain. Looking at the NEXT graph for this test..
  
             Calculating Worse Case Margin
 
.....the DTX is looking to see where the NEXT trace (blue) came closest to the limit line (red). This happened at 52,8 MHz and the margin was 6,7 dB; as report above. However, this is not the worst value of NEXT.
 
 
Calculating Worst Case Value
This is a little trickier to understand. Lets take the same trace above and remove the limit line for a moment.   

             Calculating Worst Case Value
 
There are series of questions the DTX has to ask about this trace. First, what is the worst value of NEXT and at what frequency does it occur? 

            Calculating Worst Case Value 1

Looking at this trace, the worst value of NEXT was 47,6 dB and occurred at 241,0 MHz.
 
Secondly, what is the difference between this worst value of NEXT (47,6 dB) and the limit line? We need to put the limit line back in to find out: 
  
             Calculating Worst Case Value 2
 
The worst value of NEXT was 47,6 dB; the limit at this frequency of 241,0 MHz was 35,2 dB.

Finally, now we have the worst value of NEXT (47,6 dB) and the limit line (35,2 dB), we can calculate the difference between the two (margin); 12,0 dB.              

            Calculating Worst Case Value 3

This is why you often see two different margin values for Worst Case Margin and Worst Case Value. This only leaves one final bit of confusion to be resolved. In the example above, the worst case value was on a different pair. This is because the values are obtained by asking: 

  •  What is the worst case margin for all 6 combinations and which pair was that for.
  •  What is the worst case value for all 6 combinations and which pair was that for.
The two values can be the same and on the same pair. However, the worst case value margin can never be greater than the worst case value. For this reason, cable vendors and customer look at the worst case margin only.
 
 
ANSI/TIA-568-C refers to ANSI/TIA-1152
4.2.4 Summary results
Detailed information may be required or desired in certain circumstances. In general, summary performance information is sufficient. The field tester shall be capable of reporting the summary information in Table 1 as a minimum.

Field Tester Summary Reporting 

  
IEC61935-1
5.4.3 Summary results
Detailed information may be required in certain circumstances, however, in general, summary performance information is sufficient. The field test equipment shall be capable of reporting the minimum summary information as shown in Table 2.

Summary of Reporting Requirement for Field Test Equipment 

Autor: Fluke Networks

Data de criação: 25-2-2014

Última alteração: 25-2-2014

 
 
 
 
Powered By OneLink