ISO/IEC 14763-3 testing ST to ST (Duplex Multimode) DTX-EFM2 | Fluke Networks

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ISO/IEC 14763-3 testing ST to ST (Duplex Multimode) DTX-EFM2

This article is for the Encircled Flux compliant DTX-EFM2 modules, testing ST to ST duplex fibre links to ISO/IEC 14763-3 (ISO/IEC 11801 Edition 2.2 2011-06).

The Encircled Flux requirement can be found in IEC 61280-4-1 edition 2.

You can learn more about Encircled Flux (EF) at http://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/727/62347, hosted by FOTC, TIA's Fiber Optic Consortium.
 
Any deviation from the test method below cannot be tolerated if you wish to remain Encircled Flux compliant.
 
Items required in addition to a DTX CableAnalyzer:

            TIA ST to ST1 Jumper Reference - EFM2


Inspection is critical. You can use anything from a simple Fiber Viewer to a Video Scope such as the FiberInspector Mini shown above.
 
If you have no inspection equipment, you cannot proceed.
 

Let's define what is acceptable and not acceptable.

Fiber End Faces     

 

  1. Perfect. Test Reference Cords are required to be perfect.
     
     
  2. No scratches, but there are a few deposits on the end face and whilst they are not on the core, they could move to the core during referencing/testing.
        
      
  3. Dirt is clearly covering the core. The hazy stripes across the ferrule indicates poor cleaning practices.
      
       
  4. The cladding has been chipped. This could cause damage to anything you insert it into, including the test equipment.
                                   

 

 
The Test Reference Cords (TRCs) are critical to a successful measurement. To maintain Encircled Flux compliance, you MUST use one of the following two kits:

 

  •     MRC-50EFC-SCSTKIT:    Duplex MM 50 µm TRC kit for ST links (Two SC to ST EF-TRC cords and two ST to ST TRC cords) 
  •     MRC-625EFC-SCSTKIT:  Duplex MM 62.5 µm TRC kit for ST links (Two SC to ST EF-TRC cords and two ST to ST TRC cords)

 

In this example, we're going to test a 100 m duplex 50/125 µm multimode fibre link with ST connectors at each end to ISO/IEC 14763-3 (ISO/IEC 11801:2010) whilst maintaining Encircled Flux compliance to IEC 61280-4-1 edition 2.

Setting up the DTX CableAnalyzer

 

  1. With the DTX-EFM2 fibre modules inserted into the DTX CableAnalyzer, power up the main and remote units.
    Sources will need at least five minutes to stabilize, longer in colder or hotter environments.
     
  2. Replace the SC Adapters on the main and remote units with the optional ST Adapters.
     
    Removing the SC Adapter
      
  3. Rotate the dial on the DTX CableAnalyzer to SETUP.
     
  4. Select Fiber Loss and press ENTER.
     
  5. Change the Test Limit to ISO/IEC 14763-3.
     
  6. Change the Fiber Type to the cable you are testing.
    This setting changes the Refractive Index (n) value. The DTX uses n to calculate the length of the fibre. You can manually enter the n values in Tab 3 of the Setup. If you cannot find your cable in the DTX Cable Library, look to the cable vendor's website for their datasheet. Since the ISO/IEC 14763-3 limit is calculated based on length, it is important to get this value right.
     
  7. The Number of Adapters is going to be 2.
    This is always the number of adapters per fibre strand added after the reference has been set.
     
  8. Set the Connector Type to ST.
    This will not affect the outcome of the result. It only affects the help screens.
     
  9. Set the Test Method to 1 Jumper.
      
     Setting Test Method to 1 Jumper
      
     
  10. Inspect the TRCs. If needed, clean them and inspect again. You will not know if they are clean or not until you have visually inspected them.
     
  11. Connect the Output port on the main unit to the Input port on the remote unit as shown below.
      
    Connection of Output Port on Main Unit         

    EF-TRCs must be used.  Failure to do so will result in non Encircled Flux compliance.
     
  12. Connect the Output port on the remote unit to the Input port on the main unit as shown below.
      
    Connection of Output Port on Remote Unit 
     
    EF-TRCs must be used.  Failure to do so will result in non Encircled Flux compliance.
     
  13. Rotate the dial to SPECIAL FUNCTIONS.
     
  14. With Set Reference selected, press ENTER then TEST.
      
  15. You will then be presented with the results of the Reference.
     
    View Reference Result
     
    For 50/125 µm it should be better than -24.50 dBm where -23.50 dBm is better than -24.50 dBm.
    For 62.5/125 µm it should be better than -20.00 dBm where -19.50 dBm is better than -20.00 dBm.
     
    These values reflect the cleanliness of the Ports and TRCs. The fact that your reference values are better than the minimum stated above does not mean they are good/clean. In the next few steps, we'll see how good/clean your TRCs really are.
     
  16. Press F2 OK.
     
  17. You can enter the length of your TRCs here. It does not affect the outcome of the test, but will be displayed on the test report.
     
    View Connections   Patch Lengths
     
  18. Press F2 OK when done.
     
  19. Rotate the dial to AUTOTEST and press TEST.
     
  20. We're looking to make sure the sources have stabilized, so with Loss (Remote  Main) highlighted, press ENTER.
     
    Loss Remote to Main Highlighted   Loss Remote to Main Source Stable Check
     
    If you see the loss deviate from 0.00 dB by more than 0.02 dB, your sources have not stabilized. This is an important step to avoid negative loss readings.
     
  21. Press EXIT and then highlight Loss (Main  Remote) followed by ENTER.
     
    Loss Main to Remote Highlighted   Loss Main to Remote Source Stable Check
      
    Again, if you see the loss deviate from 0.00 dB by more than 0.02 dB, your sources have not stabilized. This is an important step to avoid negative loss readings.
         
  22. Remove the ST connectors from the Input Ports. Never disconnect from the Output Ports. Doing so invalidates the reference you just set.
      
    Remove ST and ST Connectors from Input Ports
     
      
     
  23. Insert one of the ST to ST TRC's into the Input Port on the main unit.
     
    Insert ST to ST TRC Into Input Port
     
     
     
  24. Insert the other ST to ST TRC into the Input Port on the remote unit.
     
    Insert Other ST to ST TRC into Input Port
     
     
     
  25. You are now ready to test the fibre link, but before you do, let's check out your TRCs. To do this, connect the main and remote units using a singlemode rated ST to ST adapter as shown below.
     
    Connecting TRCs to Testing Link

     
    Note: The use of a singlemode adapter here is deliberate, to assure the best possible alignment of connectors. ISO/IEC 14763-3 requires the use of reference grade connectors.
      
     
  26. Rotate the dial to AUTOTEST and press TEST.
       
  27. To view the result, press ENTER and IGNORE the test limit. We're looking to make sure the loss is no greater than 0.15 dB @ 850/1300 nm.
      
    568C TRC Check Input Fiber
     
    This is the fibre connected to the Input Port of the main unit and it looks good.
     
  28. Press EXIT and with Loss (Main  Remote) highlighted, press ENTER.
     
    568C TRC Check Output Fiber

    This is the fibre connected to the Output Port of the main unit. ≤ 0.15 dB so we're good to go.
     
  29. SAVE the test result so you have evidence of a good Set Reference and submit it as part of your documentation. This will avoid potential disputes later on. The Fluke Networks Technical Assistance Center will be asking for this data if support is required.
      
  30. Disconnect the main and remote units.
    Place dust caps on the remote TRCs if it is more than a short walk to the other end. According to the EPA, dust in an office can be anything from 2.5 µm to 10 µm so protecting the end faces is critical.
     
    Disconnecting Main and Remote Units
      
     
  31. Connect the TRCs to the link you're testing.

    Connecting TRCs to Testing Link
     
     
  32. Press TEST.
     
    The 0.30 dB at the connectors is not an error. This is the maximum permitted loss between a Test Reference Cord and a random fibre connector in ISO/IEC 14763-3. Let's take a look at another link with a fibre connector in the middle of it.
      
    Test Reference Cord with Random Fibre Connector
     
    You will note the adapter count has increased to three and that the middle connection is permitted to be 0.75 dB. That's because the mated connectors in the middle do not involve a Test Reference Cord. These are two random mated connectors.

                       Test Reference Cord + Random Connector ≤ 0.30 dB 
                       Random Connector + Random Connector ≤ 0.75 dB dB
     

The DTX CableAnalyzer will calculate the test limit (optical loss budget) for you.
 
Changing the number of adapters/splices will of course increase the test limit. Be sure the Number of Adapters is set correctly.
 
How often should I Set Reference?
The quick answer is; every time you begin to test a series of fibre links. It is critical to continually inspect the TRCs.

Author: Adrian Young

Creation Date: 2014-03-26

Last Modified: 2014-03-26

 
 
 
 
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